OSAMA M ABO-SALEMa*, RAWHIA H EL-EDELb, GAMAL ELDIN I HARISAc, NERMIN EL-HALAWANYd AND MABROUK M GHONAIMe
a Phamacology and Toxicology Departments & cBiochemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Azahar University, Cairo, Egypt
b Clinical Pathology Department & eMicrobiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Egypt
d Cell Biology Department, National Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Oxidative stress may play a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Propolis and its extract have antioxidant properties. The effect of ethanolic extract of propolis against experimental diabetes mellitus-associated changes was examined. Diabetes was induced experimentally in rats by i.p. injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in a dose of 60 mg/kg bwt for 3 successive days. Blood urea nitrogen (BNU), creatinine, glucose, lipid profile, malondialdehyde (MDA) and urinary albumin were measured. Superoxide dimutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and MDA were measured in the renal tissue. The results showed decreased body weight and increased kidney weight in diabetic animals. Compared to the control normal rats, diabetic rats had higher blood glucose, BNU, creatinine, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), MDA and urinary albumin and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Moreover, renal tissue MDA was markedly increased while SOD, GSH and CAT were significantly decreased. Oral administration of propolis extract in doses of 100,200&300 mg/kg bwt improved the body and kidney weights, serum glucose, lipid profile, MDA and renal function tests. Renal GSH, SOD and CAT were significantly increased while MDA was markedly reduced. These results may suggest a strong antioxidant effect of propolis which can ameliorate oxidative stress and delay the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy in diabetes mellitus.