Nutr Cancer. 2000;37(2):179-86.
Kawabe M1, Lin C, Kimoto N, Sano M, Hirose M, Shirai T.
The modifying effects of the dietary administration of water- and ethanol-extracted propolis produced in Brazil (WB and EB, respectively) on 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) promotion of rat hepatocarcinogenesis were investigated in a medium-term liver bioassay system with use of male Fischer 344 rats. The number and area of glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P)-positive foci in rats given 0.5% WB were significantly increased compared with the group given MeIQx alone. Furthermore, the numbers of GST-P-positive foci were higher in rats given 0.1% WB or EB than in those given the basal diet alone. The modifying effects of propolis on other organs were also examined in female Fischer 344 rats given multiple carcinogens for initiation. Rats received water- and ethanol-extracted propolis produced in Brazil and Uruguay (WB, EB, WU, and EU, respectively) in the diet after exposure to three different carcinogens. The incidence of total mammary tumors was significantly lower in rats given EU than in the control group. These results indicate that a water extract of propolis exerts a cocarcinogenic effect on MeIQx hepatocarcinogenesis while promoting the effect at low dose in a two-stage hepatocarcinogenesis model. Moreover, they suggest that ethanol-extracted propolis may be an inhibitor of mammary gland carcinogenesis.
PMID: 11142091 DOI: 10.1207/S15327914NC372_10
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.