Cancer Lett. 2000 Aug 31;157(1):31-8.
Restoration of gap junctional intercellular communication by caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) in a ras-transformed rat liver epithelial cell line.
Na HK1, Wilson MR, Kang KS, Chang CC, Grunberger D, Trosko JE.
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active ingredient of honeybee propolis, has been identified as having anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-cancer properties. Since the deficiency of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) has been shown to be a characteristic of most cancer cells, this study was designed to test the hypothesis that the anti-carcinogenic activity of CAPE might be related to its ability to restore GJIC in tumorigenic GJIC-deficient cells (WB-ras2 cells). The results showed that CAPE restored GJIC, phosphorylation of connexin 43 (Cx43) and its normal localization on the plasma membrane in WB-ras2 cells after 3 days at 5 microg/ml concentration. Additionally, CAPE inhibited growth in soft agar and decreased the protein level of p21(ras). The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the anti-cancer mechanism of CAPE may be mediated by its ability to restore GJIC.
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.