Cancer Lett. 2000 Aug 31;157(1):31-8.
Na HK1, Wilson MR, Kang KS, Chang CC, Grunberger D, Trosko JE.
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active ingredient of honeybee propolis, has been identified as having anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-cancer properties. Since the deficiency of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) has been shown to be a characteristic of most cancer cells, this study was designed to test the hypothesis that the anti-carcinogenic activity of CAPE might be related to its ability to restore GJIC in tumorigenic GJIC-deficient cells (WB-ras2 cells). The results showed that CAPE restored GJIC, phosphorylation of connexin 43 (Cx43) and its normal localization on the plasma membrane in WB-ras2 cells after 3 days at 5 microg/ml concentration. Additionally, CAPE inhibited growth in soft agar and decreased the protein level of p21(ras). The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the anti-cancer mechanism of CAPE may be mediated by its ability to restore GJIC.
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.