Cancer Res. 1994 Apr 1;54(7):1865-70.
Su ZZ1, Lin J, Grunberger D, Fisher PB.
The active component of the honeybee hive product propolis, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), induces a selective growth suppressive and toxic effect toward cloned rat embryo fibroblast cells transformed by adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) or the Ad5 E1A transforming gene versus untransformed cloned rat embryo fibroblast cells (Z-z. Su et al., Mol. Carcinog., 4: 231-242, 1991). The present study was conducted to determine whether CAPE-induced growth suppression/toxicity was a direct result of expression of the Ad5 E1A and E1B transforming genes or a consequence of the action of these genes resulting in the transformed state. For this investigation we used somatic cell hybrids and 5-azacytidine-treated Ad5-transformed rat embryo cells that display different stages of expression of the transformed phenotype. This series of cell lines has permitted us to determine whether expression of the transformed state and the stage of transformation progression regulates CAPE sensitivity. Evidence is presented indicating that sensitivity to CAPE is directly determined by the state of expression of the transformed progression phenotype, as opposed to simply the expression of the Ad5 E1A and E1B transforming genes. These results provide further evidence that CAPE may represent a unique compound that can specifically target progressed transformed cells for growth suppression and toxicity. An understanding of the mechanism underlying this selective effect of CAPE could result in the identification of important biochemical pathways mediating cellular transformation and progression of the transformed state.
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.