Renal carcinogenesis induced by ferric nitrilotriacetate in mice, and protection from it by Brazilian propolis and artepillin C.
Kimoto T, Koya S, Hino K, Yamamoto Y, Nomura Y, Micallef MJ, Hanaya T, Arai S, Ikeda M, Kurimoto M.
Hayashibara Biochemical Laboratories Inc., Fujisaki Institute, Fujisaki, Okayama, Japan.
The protective effect of Brazilian propolis and its extract Artepillin C against ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA)-induced renal lipid peroxidation and carcinogenesis was studied in male ddY mice. Fe-NTA-induced renal lipid peroxidation leads to a high incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in mice. Administration of propolis by gastric intubation 2 h before or Artepillin C at either the same time, 2 h, or 5 h before the intraperitoneal injection of Fe-NTA (7 mg Fe/kg) effectively inhibited renal lipid peroxidation. This was evaluated from the measurement of renal thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) or histochemical findings of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE)-modified proteins and 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Repeated injection of Fe-NTA (10 mg Fe/kg per day, twice a week for a total of 16 times in 8 weeks) caused subacute nephrotoxicity as revealed by necrosis and pleomorphic large nuclear cells in the renal proximal tubules, and gave rise to RCC 12 months later. A protective effect from carcinogenicity was observed in mice given propolis or Artepillin C. Furthermore, the mice given Fe-NTA only developed multiple cysts composed of precancerous lesions with multilayered and proliferating large atypical cells. Mice treated with propolis and Artepillin C also had cysts, but these were dilated and composed of flat cells. These results suggest that propolis and Artepillin C prevent oxidative renal damage and the carcinogenesis induced by Fe-NTA in mice.
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.