Inhibitory activity of Brazilian green propolis components and their derivatives on the release of cys-leukotrienes.
Tani H, Hasumi K, Tatefuji T, Hashimoto K, Koshino H, Takahashi S.
Institute for Bee Products and Health Science, Yamada Apiculture Center, Inc, 194 Ichiba, Kagamino 708-0393, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org
The effects of Brazilian green propolis ethanol extract on Cry j1-induced cys-leukotrienes and histamine release from peripheral leukocytes of patients with allergic rhinitis were investigated. One of the key mechanisms for the anti-allergic properties of the extract was revealed to be the suppression of cys-LTs release. Furthermore, a series of propolis components and their phenethyl esters were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of cys-LTs release. Artepillin C, baccharin, and kaempferide were the major active components of the ethanol extract. The inhibitory activity of artepillin C phenethyl ester was comparable to that of existing LT synthesis inhibitors.
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.