Food Res Int. 2018 Apr;106:71-80. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2017.12.056. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
Vukovic NL, Obradovic AD, Vukic MD, Jovanovic D, Djurdjevic PM.
Isolated and structurally confirmed, eleven flavonoids from propolis were examined for their cytotoxicity toward human colon cancer and human breast cancer cells. Their effect on induction of apoptosis and their antioxidative activities were also evaluated. Six flavonoids induced cytotoxic effects in both cell lines. Luteolin had a marked effect on both cell lines, especially on HCT-116 cells (IC50 72h, 66.86μM). Also, luteolin was observed to have the highest apoptotic potential after 72h treatment of examined cell lines (27.13% and 37.09%, respectively). Myricetin exhibited selective inhibition of cell growth (IC50 114.75μM) and induced apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells only. Luteolin and galangin exhibited prooxidative properties 24h after the treatment in HCT-116 cells, while myricetin induced prooxidative effects in MDA-MB-231 cells. On the other hand, selected flavonoids exhibited antioxidative properties 72h after the treatment, decreasing superoxide anion radical and nitrite levels in both cell lines. Cytotoxic and proapoptotic effects on colon and breast cancer cell lines and the influence on their redox status make tested flavonoids good candidates for developing new anticancer drugs.
* THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION. THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT CURE OR PREVENT ANY DISEASE.